Malignant skin cancer excision

A range of methods to treat melanoma including surgical removal.

Sometimes also called

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Typical Hospital Stay
Type of anaesthetic
Covered by health insurance?


Procedure duration
Available to self-pay?


Find a consultant at Sussex Premier Health

Dr Noor Alwash

Consultant Dermatologist

Mr Paul Kirkland

Consultant ENT Surgeon

Dr Silvia Aguilar-Duran

Consultant Dermatologist

Before your treatment

You will have a formal consultation with a healthcare professional. During this time you will be able to explain your medical history symptoms and raise any concerns that you might have. We will also discuss with you whether any further diagnostic tests such as scans or blood tests are needed. Any additional costs will be discussed before further tests are carried out.

The procedure

We understand that having surgery can often be a time of anxiety and worry but our experienced and caring medical staff will be there for you holding your hand every step of the way. There are several different types of treatment for skin cancer. The one you have will depend on various factors including the type of cancer and how far it has spread. Surgery to remove the affected skin is often the first option.  Your consultant will discuss the best type of treatment for you depending on the type of skin cancer you have. One type of surgery is skin excision where your skin cancer is removed together with some of the surrounding healthy tissue. This is usually performed under local anaesthetic and if the skin cancer is extensive a skin graft may also be needed. Mohs’ micrographic surgery is carried out when the cancer is on your face or for large skin lesions. This involves removing the cancer one layer at a time and then examining these layers under a microscope immediately after they are removed. Photodynamic therapy is used to treat pre-cancerous skin lesions or superficial basal cell carcinomas – a non-melanoma skin cancer. This involves application of a cream which is absorbed only by damaged skin cells. These are then destroyed by shining a light on to the affected area sometimes removing the need for surgery. Cryosurgery is a procedure where your surgeon will use extreme cold (liquid nitrogen) to remove your cancer growth. Most of these treatments can be done using a local anaesthetic so you will be awake but feel no pain.


Most of the treatments are carried out as a day case and you can go home as soon as you are able and we are happy to discharge you.  After this you will be taken to your room or comfortable area where you can rest and recuperate until we feel you’re ready to go home. Pain relief You may feel some discomfort after the operation but you will be given pain relief medication immediately and again when we discharge you.  We will provide you with a supply of all the medicines your consultant feels you need to take home with you after you’ve left hospital up to 14 days. This may be at an additional cost to some patients. You will be able to leave as soon as your condition is stable and many patients go straight home as soon as they are feeling comfortable. Recovery time The wound will have a dressing and you should keep it dry until it is removed. Sometimes you will have been given dissolvable stitches or ones that need to be removed. We’ll discuss this with you when you’re discharged. The area affected might feel a little tight at first but as you heal the surrounding skin will stretch reducing the tightness. If you have had a skin graft the area where it was attached will be very delicate. You shouldn’t damage or knock this area while it is healing. If your skin cancer is at an advanced stage you might need to have further treatment such as chemotherapy. Your consultant will discuss this with you. After most of the treatments you should be able to return to work quickly when you feel comfortable to do so. If you have had a skin graft the area will feel numb at first but you will get feeling back in two to six months. You should be able to start working again within two to six weeks depending on the type of surgery you had. We’ll talk to you about this. How your loved ones can help Once you’re ready to be discharged you’ll need to arrange a taxi friend or family member to take you home as you won’t be able to drive. You should also ask them if they can run some light errands such as shopping for you as you won’t be feeling up to it. Looking after you Even once you’ve left hospital we’re still here for you. You will have follow-up appointments in the next few weeks when we will inspect your wounds and talk to you about whether you need further treatment. On rare occasions complications following treatment for malignant skin cancer can occur. We will talk to you about the possible risks and complications of having this procedure and how they apply to you. Please contact us if you have any concerns. If you have any questions or concerns we’re ready to help.

Treatment and recovery timeline

Melanoma is the fifth most common cancer in the UK with around 13000 new cases diagnosed each year and is triggered by the pigment in skin from tanning. It usually becomes visible in the form of a new mole or an existing mole or mark that has changed in appearance. It is often found on the neck shoulders and hips in men and on the legs hips and shoulders in women – but can occur in any area of your body. Your chances of developing melanoma are higher if you have: lots of moles or freckles pale skin that burns easily in sunlight red or blonde hair a family member who has had melanoma. You may have been referred by your GP to a specialist clinic or hospital for treatment or further investigations. The most common way to treat a melanoma is to have it surgically removed together with some of the surrounding healthy tissue and then tested to see if it is cancerous. This is usually performed under local anaesthetic although general anaesthetic (which means you will be asleep) is sometimes needed. Radiotherapy (a form of radiation) is also used to treat some forms of skin cancer to reduce the chance of it coming back after surgery.

Our patients are at the heart of what we do and we want you to be in control of your care. To us that means you can choose the consultant you want to see and when you want. They’ll be with you every step of the way. All of our consultants are of the highest calibre and benefit from working in our modern well-equipped hospitals. Our consultants have high standards to meet often holding specialist NHS posts and delivering expertise in complex sub-specialty surgeries. Many of our consultants have international reputations for their research in their specialised field.

We’ve tried to make your experience with us as easy and relaxed as possible. For more information on visiting hours our food what to pack if you’re staying with us parking and all those other important practicalities please visit our patient information pages. Our dedicated team will also give you tailored advice to follow in the run up to your visit.

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